The history of Bodrum (also known as Halicarnassus or Halicarnassos) goes back to 13th century BC. Carians were the very first citizens settled in Bodrum and the harbor area was occupied by Dorian Greeks in the 7th century BC. Then Mausolus, on behalf of the Persians, started ruling over the city from 377 to 353 BC. Artemisia II of Caria took over the ruling after the death of Mausolus. Artemisia II employed two Greek architects and four sculptors to built monument and a tomb for Mausolus. This temple like structure, Mauseoleum, rested for 1700 years and was finally destroyed by an earthquake.